PAUL STREET, et al.,





Case No. C94-258R

Seattle, Washington
June 12, 1998




For the Plaintiffs:

Richard J. Birmingham
Birmingham, Thorson & Barnett,, P.C.
3315 Two Union Square
601 Union Street
Seattle, Washington 98101

David F. Jurca
Helsell Fetterman
1500 Puget Sound Plaza
1325 Fourth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98111-3846

For the Defendants

Michael A. Patterson
Lee, Smart, Cook, Martin & Patterson
800 Puget Sound Plaza
1325 Fourth Avenue
Seattle, Washington 98101

Joseph F. Roth
Official Court Reporter
600 U.S. Courthouse
Seattle, Washington 98104
(206) 553-1899

Proceedings recorded by computer-aided stenography.

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THE CLERK: C94-258R, Paul Street, et al., versus Alaska Laborers-Employers, et al. Counsel, will you please step forward and make your appearances.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Yes. Rich Birmingham and Dave Jurca as counsel for the plaintiffs.

MR. PATTERSON: And Mike Patterson on behalf of the defendants, but also Randy Simpson, who is the fund counsel, is here as well with me.

THE COURT: Okay. Good morning. Did somebody want to address the Court on the matter? Mr. Birmingham?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Sure, I will. Good morning, Your Honor. We're here for final approval of a class action settlement, and I'd just like to take a few moments to give the Court some background of the case and also the settlement proceedings, so that you can be assured that this settlement was reached after arm's-length negotiation.

As the Court is aware, this case is for vesting of pension benefits due to two partial termination periods. One during the period 1977 to 1980 and one through '84 to '88. One following th decline of the pipeline and the other following the collapse of the oil market. And this Court has ruled as a matter of law that there was no partial termination during the second period and the pipeline period remained open. The Court had certified a class consisting of non-vested participants during those time periods and anybody within their rule of parity during those

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time periods.

The class representatives consisted of three individuals that were non-active participants in the plan and one individual who was currently an active participant in the plan. All the class members had the same interest, and that was obtaining their vested benefit under the plan.

The settlement negotiations were very lengthy and drawn out. The class members originally attempted to negotiate a settlement where a modification to the plan would be made that a set dollar benefit would be paid to all members. We went through a private mediation. We went through a mediation with Judge Coughenour, and one with -- before Judge Dwyer, and those discussions went nowhere.

We again met with Judge Dwyer to attempt to formulate a different method of settlement that would provide relief to the class members. And during those discussions we agreed on carrying back a five-year parity break within the plan, all the way back to 1974, and that would allow people that had breaks in the service- to bridge those gaps and maybe become vested.

We also agreed to liberalize the reciprocity rules so that individuals that went to other states and worked could use those hours in a more liberal manner to become vested. It was discussed at the time that the value of those two provisions were approximately $20,000,000 and we had that figure verified by our actuary.

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We realized that maybe not all the class members would fall within those two parameters, so discussion again was made as to what would be fair to all the class representatives. Again we tried to negotiate a set dollar amount maybe for people that didn't make those parameters. Those settlement discussions failed on numerous occasions.

And finally, the idea was raised that we would give everybody a chance to restore their service. And the restoration rule was if you had service in the pipeline years and those were forfeited and they weren't restored due to the five-year break in service rule or the reciprocity rule, we would restore all service if someone came back and worked as a laborer in either Alaska or any reciprocal plan in the country and had 250 hours by June 30th, 2001.

And Your Honor should realize that for reciprocity typically a year of service is recognized under the rules of the other plan, and some plans require as much as a thousand hours of service in order for you to earn a reciprocal benefit. Under the settlement we negotiated the more liberal 250-hour rule would be recognized and, thus, give individuals the opportunity to restore those hours.

It's impossible at the time to really quantify the dollar amount associated with that. If everybody came back and took advantage of this, the value of that portion of the settlement would exceed $100,000,000. Of course, people aren't all going

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to come back, and our actuary has put a value of that by weighing probabilities of $15,000,000

And the way that he arrived at that was he took individuals with the greatest amount of service and indicated that if they had a benefit in excess of a thousand dollars a month, there would be 50-50 probability that they would find some way to get 250 hours and restore that. And as the benefit got lower, he assigned a zero or one percent chance. And then he, you know, added up all the probabilities and came up with 15,000.000.

After we arrived at the settlement and it was approved and we started drafting it, another dispute arose as to who could take advantage of the break in service rules, carry back and the reciprocity rules, and it is our understanding that anybody could, that it was broader than even the two class members periods, the '84 and '77, anybody in the trust would have advantage of these two rules.

And the defendants wanted to limit it initially to just the people in the first partial termination rule, because they said, Mr. Birmingham, you don't represent these other people, and Judge Rothstein has ruled against, you know, the second partial termination, and we meant to only have this apply to the '74 to '77 period.

We went back to Judge Dwyer. We negotiated again. We couldn't reach agreement. Finally, the defendants agreed to put in the more liberal position and basically opened up the

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reciprocity rules and the five-year carry back to anybody who met that plan, no matter when they had their year of service.

After the settlement was finally approved and executed, again with a meeting with you, Your Honor, approximately over 12,000 notices were mailed to class members.. They were mailed by the IRS to last known tax filing address of the participant.

After the notice was mailed we got hundreds, maybe even thousands, of phone calls on the settlement. And when individuals called up and asked about the settlement, we explained not only the terms of the settlement, but we also explained the risk of the litigation.

And we went through the background of the proceedings. we talked about how the hotel and restaurant workers had sued in the early '80s and were reversed by tha Ninth Circuit. We informed them about two federal pension legislations that were going to -- had attempted to override the lawsuit.

We talked about problems with the statute of limitations. We talked about problems with funding. And we went through the negotiation process with these individuals. And at the end of that, even the individuals that for one reason or another were not electing to return to the plan, you know, I think realized the process and thought it was fair, which may account for the reason why there were so few substantive objections actually filed.

We also got a number of calls from individuals. And I'd

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just like to discuss a couple of those. Like one individual who was --

THE COURT: Let me interrupt you. How many objections, substantive, actual objections were filed? You attached a lot of letters that you responded to, and I've read most of those. Were they the objections you're talking about?

MR BIRMINGHAM: They were the objections. And we've had a few more that have come in since than. And Mr. Patterson informed me that he counted all the letters and he's gotten 40 letters in total. Some of those letters do not amount to objections. Some of them have questions.

THE COURT: And some of them clearly misunderstood the nature of the settlement?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: And a lot of them clearly misunderstood, you're correct there, Your Honor. From our point of view and informing the Court -- and a lot of them weren't -- you know, the procedure was that they were to be filed with you, Your Honor, and then copies on Mr. Patterson and myself.

And basically what we did was we went to the Court file, tried to get the ones in the Court file, took the ones that we got, asked Mr. Patterson for his, because they all didn't go to the same place, and because of the fact that objections and the legal nature of this with lay persons, we just erred on the side of anything we got that we thought may be questioning something of the settlement we forwarded to Your Honor.

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And we have gotten calls from individuals that are currently receiving retirement benefits in Anchorage. One individual was getting $400 a month and this settlement was going to increase his pension to $750, and that is a real life-style change for somebody who's already reached retirement and trying to live on a fixed income.

We also got a call right as we were mailing out the settlement notices from an individual in Oregon who was basically down there at the union hall, and said, "You know, I needed 250 hours and there was a screw up, I can't get out. I've been trying to get this vested benefit for the last 15 years. And my family needs it, you know. I don't know what to do. And we put him on hold, we called up his hours, and it came to be that under the term of the settlement he was not only vested but he got other hours restored. And so for those types of individuals, I mean there was really a significant benefit to them. You know, they'll get -- he'll get more than a thousand dollars a month for life out of this.

So the only point that I want to make is that the settlement we believe, does confer significant benefits to individuals; that it is structured in a way to give virtually all the class members full relief, subject to their own individualized situations.

A couple of the objections that have come in have asked for compensatory damages, have said we either want to sue the union

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or we want damages because we didn't get our pension. But this is an ERISA cause of action, Your Honor. It's to enforce terms of the plan under ERISA. Compensatory damages under the Supreme Court's case in Mertons and also in Russell are not -- are not permitted under ERISA. And as you indicated, they simply misunderstood the settlement.

In closing, I would just ask the Court to approve the settlement. We think it's fair and reasonable. It's been the subject of extreme arm's-length negotiation. And I would also like to introduce two of our class representatives, Paul Street and Daniel Elliott, who were instrumental throughout all the negotiations, and are here today.

THE COURT: They really -- you know, I've only seen Street v. whatever. There really is a Mr. Street. Did you want to add anything, Mr. Patterson?

MR. PATTERSON: Yes, I did.

THE COURT: I have some questions, and I'm just curious, is there anyone who has appeared who wants to speak also? Anybody here who has objections or anything that came to speak this morning.

Okay, Mr. Patterson, you're it, until I fire questions at Mr. Birmingham.

MR. PATTERSON: Okay. Thank you. Thank you, Your Honor. On behalf of the trustees and tha plan we are here in support of this settlement. And here present in the courtroom

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are several of the trustees, both from labor and management, also the fund consultant is here, the fund attorney is here, and our expert actuary, who has been very instrumental in guiding us through this, is also here, in case you had any questions that you would like to address to those individuals.

But I would like to give a little bit of background on this, although brief, with regard to the philosophy that the trustees approached this settlement with. And that was that they obviously recognize that they had a fiduciary duty to the existing plan participants and those vested and retired participants who were receiving benefits or who are entitled to benefits who had put in their 10 years of service.

But they also recognized the argument that was made by the class that there were individuals who felt that they were unable to preserve their pipeline years because of lack of employment immediately following that pipeline project.

And they also wanted to maintain the integrity of the plan by providing a meaningful pension benefit to career laborers, as opposed to individuals who simply came to Alaska because of the high wages that were being paid and the overtime pay, who had no intention of ever being a career laborer.

They also had a deep desire not to materiall¥ affect the integrity of the plan document and vesting requirements in place during the pipeline years; more specifically the requirement for 10 years of credited service in order to vest.

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They were also addressing the issues and concerns presented by the class and giving them an opportunity to restore those pipeline years without materially affecting the plan document or its terms. And they also did not want to penalize the career laborers who had met the requirements of the plan.

And so the approach to the settlement that we took -- and I think Mr. Birmingham. will tell you that we were the ones that were making the proposals here -- the first approach was the five-year parity rule. In other words, the trustees wanted to recognize the argument once again that there was no work available for these people immediately after the pipeline. But it was clear that starting in 1980, '81, that there was -- the enconomy did pick up in Alaska.

So the five-year parity rule recognized the period of time between the time that the pipeline ended in 1977, up until 1980, to give somebody an opportunity to come back in 1982 and preserve that benefit. So that five-year parity rule was part of the entire concept.

The reciprocity part of this settlement was due to a misunderstood application of the reciprocity rule. And that application, at least under certain interpretations, was that if somebody was able to get a reciprocity, they'd have to work in a reciprocal plan until their normal retirement, as opposed to simply getting a combined 10 years in. And we clarified that by saying that anyone who did not have a break in service and had

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the combined 10 years in, either in the Alaska plan or in a reciprocal plan, was entitled to a reciprocal benefit in this plan.

And the third prong of the settlement was giving those individuals an opportunity within the context of the plan document to obtain 10 years of credited service to preserve the pipeline years, but at that benefit level. They still maintained that 250 hours, which is one of the most liberal requirements for vesting in the United States in any laborers plan, and, most significantly, the plan year runs from July 1 through June 30th. And at least given the climate in Alaska it is very possible to get two years of credited service by simply working in one year, you're working on both sides of July 1 in order to get the 250 hours in.

And also we recognized that many of these individuals were no longer in Alaska and they may be in other parts of the United States, and so it gave them the advantage to cure any sort of break in service that they had by simply getting 250 hours in a reciprocal plan. Even though that reciprocal plan, let's say, in the State of Washington or in New York may require a thousand hours, we're only requiring 250 hours.

And more importantly -

THE COURT: So they can do that 250 hours and cure -- did you say they would cure the missing number of hours?

MR. PATTERSON: Well, here's what they -- they would

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pick up, they have an opportunity to pick up all of the credited years of service in the past. And here's how -- here's how it would work. And when I say in the past, from 1974 forward. If they got 250 hours from July 1, 1997, to June 30th, 2001, that's the first criteria. They get 250 hours either in this plan or a reciprocal plan, then there is no rule of parity. In other words, they can recapture everything back to 1974 and even prior to that, if there hasn't been a break in service. We have one individual who had eight years prior to that time. He was going to be able to recapture -- in fact, he has already recaptured that time, because he's already gotten his 250 hours in after July 1, 1997. So he's able to recapture that eight years.

But if they get the 250 hours in prior to June 30th, 2001, they essentially have until they die in order to get that 10 years in. And we haven't put any restrictions on that whatsoever. Now, once again they're restoring benefits at the benefit levels at the time that they performed the service.

Now, addressing the objections for a minute, once again Mr. Birmingham is correct, there were 40 objections, and only 30 of those were substantive objections, out of the 12,000 mailings that we made to those plan participants, or the class.

And there were various category of objections. One category was that people wanted their money back. In other words, saying that there was money contributed by the employer and we want that back. And I think the easy response to that is that this

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is not a defined contribution plan, but rather a defined benefit plan.

And then there's that category of people that say it is unfair to have them change careers at this point in their lives, and they may be in their 50s, and take up laboring. But that was the point that we approached it with from the defense standpoint, or the trustee's, in other words, they were trying to target those people that really did intend to be career laborers, as opposed to those people that simply went up there for the short-term wages. And if in fact they intended to be career laborers, this gives them an opportunity to come back and capture those years that they may have lost.

The third category are those people that claim that they are unable to take advantage of this because they are disabled or they've died in tha meantime.

THE COURT: And you are now anticipating the Court's question, because that was the group I was most concerned about. They are either disabled or too old to work. I mean, there was one person about 73, and even 250 hours would probably be too much. Or some of them have died. That's that group I was concerned about.

MR. PATTERSON: Okay. And, once again, for the career laborers, in other words, somebody that just worked for one or two years and then we never saw them again, there obviously was no intention for then to be a career laborer, since they didn't

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work in a reciprocal plan or didn't at least attempt to come back to work here.

Now, the disability -- this plan has specific disability rules in it that comply with ERISA. And under the two -- first two prongs of the settlement, the five-year parity rule and the reciprocity rule, our analysis indicates that the disability and death rules apply in the same way to those two categories as they would to any other participant in this plan. It's when you got to the third prong, which is the special rule, where they come back and get 250 hours, is where it would not apply and is not intended to apply.

And the reason it's not intended to apply is because the whole function of this is to allow these individuals until death to get their retirement. And if that were to apply, then we would have every one of them vest, because at some point in time they're going to become disabled or they are going to die, and, therefore, they would all be entitled to benefits.

THE COURT: Yes, but let me ask you this: And maybe you need to talk to your actuary to find out how many people would really fit into a very small category, I'm thinking of. Let's say we picked a number like -- some of them had eight years, okay? Now, that's clearly a person who I would call a career laborer.

I mean, you've cut off the people who came up for a year or two to make some quick money because they were really going to

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go on to school or something like that and never work as a laborer again.

You pick a figure that's high enough up, eight years, let's say, That's just the first that comes to mind. Say somebody who had at least eight years in, who is presently -- and you probably have some ages that come to your mind better. I'm just going to pick 70. I don't know. What's a good age after which one would not be a laborer? But I think 70 is pretty safe, that you wouldn't be doing hard labor after that.

So let's say you put these requirements on, that the person either be disabled in some way that you can clearly see is disabled, had eight years in, was either disabled, dead, or over 70. Okay. If you took that category -- you can make it eight and a half years, you can make it nine years, I don't know, just something that makes you confident that the person was really a career laborer, got laid off, and now that you're offering this 250 benefit is not in a position to ever pick it up. That's what I want to cover.

MR. PATTERSON: I understand,

THE COURT: And you came up with a cash figure. What are we talking about? What difference would it make in terms of hurting the plan's interest. I guess what I'm hoping you're going to tell me is, one, that it's a very, very small group. Probably is. Maybe not.

I'm just concerned from the letters I read in that small

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group who are going to get nothing, because they can never go back and pick up the 250. Do you know what I'm saying?

MR. PATTERSON: I understand.

THE COURT: I don't know whether that would be a substantial group. I don't even know what you would feel comfortable offering them. What it you just offered them a thousand dollars a piece, you know? I mean, just something to show that they were considered, and they're not being -- do you know what I'm saying? I'm not talking about a big difference here. I'm just talking about something that at least makes these peoples' interests considered.

Because what I'm concerned about -- and I was going to throw this at Mr. Birmingham -- I am convinced that this on the whole is an excellent settlement. Don't get me wrong. I recognize the -- anybody recognizes the risks and the problems here if somebody has lived with this case as long as I have.

On the other hand, my concern is this: That this case is so multi-layered in terms of the interests of the class nobody could have foreseen when the class was certified. I mean, it looked like a good class. I'm not finding any fault with the fact that I certified it.

But now when you start teasing it a part the way we have, it becomes evident that there are differences amongst the class members, only because of the period of time that the case has been pending.

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I'm not sure these differences were there at the time the case was originally filed, but they are there now, because some of these people are just probably too old and too disabled to go back to work. |

I don't know how you want to set -- I'm just making the suggestion to you that we can cure this problem, it seems to me, with very, very little difference to the plan. I mean, you could even say age and disability, although I think that would probably be kind of unfair. I mean, I think 70, 72 is enough of a disability right there for somebody going back to hard labor.

And the other group that comes under the same rubric here would be people who live now in a state that is a right to work -- I didn't know -- I guess Arkansas stands out as different, but that's where a couple of the letters came from where there are no union jobs apparently. That's at least what the letter said. Not so? Somebody is shaking your head in the back. There's no such thing. Well, good. Then maybe they could -- you could even make an exception and say if they put in 250 hours at any hard labor, whether it was reciprocity -- I'm just asking you, Mr. Patterson, how much -- you happen to be standing. I'm going to ask Mr. Birmingham this. I aim at anybody who's standing.

MR. PATTERSON: And the problem with the question as to how many people would fit within that category is we don't know.

THE COURT: You don't know.

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MR. PATTERSON: We don't know. Because if they're disabled, then they're off our books. We don't know that. What we do know is that we have received eight objections based upon the disability issue.

And what we know about those -- and I raise this issue, because if we're going to reopen this thing up, it would require us to send out another notice through the IRS to all 12,000, because we don't know, you know, how many fit within disability.

But I'd like to just take a minute and analyze these eight individuals and see whether it really makes any difference.

THE COURT: Before you start are those eight individuals including age as a disability or just straight disability?

MR. PATTERSON: This is straight disability.

THE COURT: Okay. You'd probably have a few more in here if you're talking age. At least one or two.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: I know there's one.

THE COURT: At least one or two that I remember that was saying he's just too old, and then there one or two who were dead so --

MR. PATTERSON: Just to address the ones on the disability for a minute, and then maybe I could sit down and look at the age part of this.. There was Mr. Chmielowski who raised this issue. And Mr. Chmielowski does have 10 years 1n. Excuse me, that was the wrong Chmielowski. This Mr. Chmielowski

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only had two years of service in, and those were in '75 and '77. He did not return to the plan and has not returned to the plan.

There was a Mr. Chynoweth, who once again only had two years of service, '76, '77. He did not return to the plan. Mr. Footer, who had three years of service, '75, '76, 77, and then he did return in 1990 for another year. So he had four years of service. But nothing in between 1977 and 1990.

Then there was Mr. Greenan, who had one year of service in 1976. Mr. Lefebvre-

THE COURT: So we're talking about people that really only contributed to the plan for a year or two years?

MR. PATTERSON: Right. Mr. Lefevre only had three years of service during that period of time. Mr. Miller has had six years of service. He last worked in 1987. But major gaps in his employment. Mr. Rentmeester had five years of service in the 1970s. His last year there was 1978. And then he worked again in 1994, and then he did not work again. And then Mr. Voltz is the last one I have in this category. And he had three years of service, last year of service 1977, and has not returned since.

THE COURT: I guess that cuts both ways. One way it cuts is to say it really wouldn't be -- if one set the criteria high enough, it wouldn't be a substantial impact on the plan. And the other way it cuts is that is it worth doing a remailing and all that, because it looks as if it's going to be such a

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very small number that would qualify under the criteria that I think the plan would be willing to set up.

But let me ask you this: You're going to have to mail them anyway, right? You have to do the distribution. No?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: (Shakes head.)

THE COURT: How are you going to do it?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Well, basically what would happen, Your Honor, is that they're getting benefits under the plan under the revised terms, so people would make retirement plan applications or disability applications.

THE COURT: But how are they going to know to do that?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Because the notice went out.

THE COURT: Ah, I see.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: And then --

THE COURT: So it's going to be automatic. They don't get renotified that the Court approved the plan and now is the time to send in the application. They're just going to send it in. Did they receive the application form? I'm just curious about if we can piggyback in any way on what has to be done. But if nothing more -- nothing more has to be done?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Well, Your Honor, I was assuming that we would send out summary plan descriptions in the normal course that would notify people of the terms of the plan and that they would file their applications in the normal course of business, and we wouldn't be doing another mailing.

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THE COURT: I don't know. I don't understand. Are you going to have to do another mailing?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: We were not planning on doing another mailing.

THE COURT: Well, how are you going to notify the people that the plan was -- that the settlement was approved - I mean, did you send them forms already that they have to send in?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: No. We basically told them in the notice that the final approval hearing was going to be here on June 12th, and, you know -- and that the Court would decide the issue, and that the decision would be of public record basically.

THE COURT: But how do they know whether they should -- for instance, let's say a person has to go out and get another 250 hours. How do they know to do that?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Because the notice basically that wont out told them that they needed to get 250 hours by 2001 and told them who to call for their records, and so those people have already started that process.

THE COURT: Oh, they have. You've gotten calls from people asking how to do that?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Thousands.

THE COURT; Thousands and thousands. So they clearly understood the instructions in the notice and they're on their

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MR. PATTERSON: In addition to his calls, I think we have received almost a thousand calls as well. And the way that it worked is that they were inquiring -- these people that were calling our office were inquiring about how many years of credit they had historically.

THE COURT: I see. I see.

MR. PATTERSON: And we've already met with the administrators and talked to them about the terms of the settlement, so that they're anticipating these calls. And we can hand it off to them and they know the rules and are able to apply it.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: I mean, I guess we would be more than happy and willing to -- we have an 800 number, they have an 800 number program -- now to say that the Court has approved the settlement and also post notices in all the union hiring halls that we sent out the letter to the first time.

It seems like a reasonable step in case, you know, if people have any doubts about whether the settlement was approved or not. It seems like that that would be a prudent step to do and an easy step to do.

THE COURT: It just seems like there ought to be some --

MR. BIRMINGHAM: And we'll certainly do that

THE COURT: I guess my question is from the information

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that you have, Mr. Patterson, you were able to pinpoint pretty specifically how many years and -

MR. PATTERSON: The concern with that is that -- you know, one of the driving forces behind this is that the trustees in reaching this settlement did not in any way want to compromise on the 10-year requirement. The 10 years is required. And it doesn't apply any differently -- if someone were to start work today and they have a five-year vesting plan and become disabled or die -

THE COURT: They can't vest.

MR. PATTERSON: -- they don't vest. And the problem is is that the application of that rule then becomes discriminatory based upon your position and when you worked.

THE COURT: I can see that.

MR. PATTERSON: Plus all the issues about, you know, was somebody disabled, are they totally -- when did they become disabled.

THE COURT: I can see your point on that.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: And from the plaintiff's aide, Your Honor, we sympathize with your point, and we're all in favor of people getting more benefits. But I can understand the plan's point, in that they want to treat the actives and these people in a similar manner. And when we structured the settlement rules were put in place to kind of carry back existing rules.

And the settlement had three prongs to it. The one prong

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was tha five-year rule and the other was the reciprocity rule. And it will pick up disabled people in that category. And so they will be able to take advantage of those. rules and maybe now apply for a disability benefit. There will be people that don't fall within those rules, just as there are in the current plan, that don't meet the disability requirement.


MR. PATTERSON: I just want to make one other clarification. On the disability retirement provision in the plan, it says that if you were totally and permanently disabled through your 10th anniversary and you had five years of credited service, you would be entitled to a benefit. So, you know, it's pretty liberal in its interpretation if somebody gets the five years 1n.

THE COURT: So will they be picked up?

MR. PATTERSON: These people wouldn't be picked up because they didn't become disabled during that period of time.

THE COURT: Ah, I see.

MR. PATTERSON: And during the 10-year consecutive period. I mean, what these people are saying, I think -- and it's hard to say when they became disabled, but it looks as though they became disabled -


MR. PATTERSON: Well after.

THE COURT: Well after.

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MR. BIRMINGHAM: But if they did meet that criteria, they could take advantage of the plan.

THE COURT: Well, I think you've convinced me that there would be a certain level of discrimination involved when people who are presently in the plan wouldn't be getting the kind of benefit that I'm talking about, in any event.

Well, in balance, listening to the arguments I've heard today, not that they're really arguments, but the presentations that I've heard today, I am -- well, there 's absolutely no question in the Court's mind that this was an arm's-length negotiation and actually that the vast majority of the individuals who by the plan's criteria are eligible or should be eligible will be covered.

I think they will benefit from the settlement substantially, and by that I mean I think it's -- the criteria were legistimate from the plan's point of view and from the plaintiff's point of view. The fact that the settlement is geared to career laborers clearly fits with the intent of the plan. It was not meant to cover people who just came up and worked for a year or two and then left.

And I think that's a valid thing and, frankly, I think you've come up with some very creative ways of placing sufficient limits so that the plan fiduciaries are still adhering to their mission and yet accomplishing what the plaintiffs sought to accomplish, which was making sure that

Page 26

people didn't get disadvantaged because of an economic downturn that would deprive them of the benefits that they were entitled to, or should have bean entitled to.

So I think on balance it's a good settlement. I also must say that I am taking into account the risks of litigation. I think there's some very definite risks that nobody would get anything here.

And there's also the risk of delay, which would only throw more people into the category that I'm concerned about, because at the rate this case progresses, if this Court made rulings and it was appealed -- I mean, we can go all the way up, ao far as we know, and there would be people that would never see a dime until long after they could use it and enjoy it.

So all in all I will approve the settlement. I was concerned about matters, and I appreciate counsel being very articulate in either anticipating my concerns or putting them to rest. And I must say I compliment -- I know that this was only arrived at due to the hard work that counsel put into it. I know you've had a number of settlement mediators, but it's very clear that the complexities of this were such that really only those people really intimately involved could have come up with the compromises and understood where they could be made and still have the fiduciaries satisfied and where tha plaintiffs could pick up what they needed to keep their plan happy, and I'm probably one of the few people who can appreciate all the work

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that went into this, and I do. I want you to know that I do.

What I would appreciate is your telling me -- presenting to Ms. Tyree the documents. Do I have the originals, or do you still have the originals?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Of the order, Your Honor?


MR. BIRMINGHAM: I believe you have the original. Do you have a copy of it, Mike?


MR. BIRMINGHAM: Because it was on your letterhead. I did make three copies myself in case nobody -

THE COURT: The original will be whatever the one is I sign, right?


THE COURT: If you can tag -- is there more than one place I need to sign?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: No, Your Honor. Actually this --

THE COURT: Okay. I would appreciate your taking those additional steps to make sure that --

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Right. So we'll program our 1-800 numbers and we'll send a notice to all the union halls.. And Mike will -- you guys will do the union hall thing. Okay.

THE COURT: But you have these 800 numbers, so when people call they can be told that it's approved and now is the time -- because there's a trigger time here, isn't there, during

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which they should start working if they have to pick up those


THE COURT: They could have started already, right?

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Right, because the date carried back to July 1st, 1997. So some of the people have actually called up and said they already have their 250 hours 1n. So they're already there. The other people, we said, you know, if they have to re-up at the union hall, have paid their fees and are on the list and are trying to get out, we've had people call the various locals. As you know, Seattle right now is a booming construction town and people have told me that there isn't any problem getting out of the Seattle locals. And one individual said that he was on the C list and could get calls off of that list.

THE COURT: Well, I thought there was one person -- and I appreciated the way it was done -- that was elderly, but that there were are sedentary jobs that were available, and had beeb referred to the possibility of doing something either in the union hall or --

MR. BIRMINGHAM: Right. I had one disabled person who called me also from Florida, and I said, "Could you do anything?. And they said, "Well, my doctor said I could be a flag person." And so he was going to check with --

THE COURT: That may have been the person that I was thinking of. You wrote a letter to somebody that you were

Page 29

saying there were other -- there might be other jobs available. Well, okay, I've signed the order. And, again, my compliments to all who have put in the time and effort to do this.

Is there anything else I need to do at this time? Have I made sufficient findings on the record?

MR. PATTERSON: Yes, Your Honor.


MR. PATTERSON: Thank you very much for your time

MR. BIRMINGHAM: We will file affidavits saying that we have programmed and mailed, and we'll do it -- we have another -- we're going to be -- we have some briefs that are due on attorneys' fees and class compensation, and we'll file that at the same time. So when I file my --

THE COURT: Is there going to be any disagreement on attorneys' fees??

MR. PATTERSON: Yes. In fact, this order indicates that we are submitting that to you for your consideration in accordance with a previous briefing schedule.


MR. BIRMINGHAM: And so when I file my opening brief, I will file a certificate that --

THE COURT: That sounds good.

MR. BIRMINGHAM: -- says that we did these other things.

THE COURT: That sounds good. Thank very much.

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